This variety of birch can come in a wide range of looks, as we will discuss a little bit later in the article, and can also grow to be within that same 40 to 80 feet tall range. your own Pins on Pinterest 55 50 5. View cart. The bark peels in a manner of thin curly sheets. The various species of birch trees in the Betula genus include at least 12 that are important landscape trees. It is a medium-sized tree with a single trunk that quickly branches out into a pyramid shape. According to the USDA, birch trees thrive naturally on cool, moist soils and usually perform best with afternoon shade. Birch trees belong to the genus Betula and are classified as part of the Betulaceae family of plants. … River birch trees are resistant to the bronze birch borer. This is probably the species of birch that the majority of people are most familiar with. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. Himalayan Birch. 2 0 3. Cherry birch is a large tree that grows from a single main trunk. Discover your ancient astrology through trees. Fog Moor Moorland. Paper birch (Betula papyrifera): Also known as canoe birch, silver birch, or … 5. Birch trees, or Betula trees to use their Latin name, are favoured for their light, airy foliage and beautifully coloured peeling bark. Exact details such as growing zones and height will depend on the particular variety. Paper birch trees are large, oval in shape and may be single or multi-trunked. The bark is dark red-brown to blackish, and smooth. Birches are fast-growing trees that can quickly provide benefit to your yard. The ornamental interest of Himalayan birch includes pretty spring flowers, rich yellow fall color, and bright white papery bark. Its shallow root structure makes the birch tree less sturdy in soil regions that dry up quickly. It is one of the only truly heat-tolerant birches. Winter Landscape Snow. Others are trees that clump with multiple trunks. Smooth in … They are small to medium-sized trees averaging around 50 feet tall. One also could do worse than be a planter of birches. This is also a tree that you will want to plant further in the yard away from the house, as it can grow to be anywhere from 40 feet to 70 feet tall, and has a wider trunk as well. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula (), in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams. Flowering in April and May, the tree produces fruiting catkins from August through October and serves as a food source for deer, moose, rabbits and various birds. B irch trees come in many 'flavours', but two are relatively common in the UK - Silver (Betula pendula) and Downy (Betula pubescens). Woodpeckers and other hole-nesting birds often nest in the trunk, while the seeds are eaten by siskins, greenfinches and redpolls. It can grow either as a single-trunk tree or in small clumps with multiple trunks. Plants. Birch Tree Branch. The yellow birch has a bark to it that contains more of a sheen, giving it an elegant feel in a sense. https://www.thespruce.com/twelve-species-cultivars-of-birch-trees-3269660 With their beautiful, papery bark and ghostly coloration, birch trees naturally become the center of attention in a landscape. It may grow either as a single-trunk tree or a multi-trunk clumping tree. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Even more, they come upright, providing beauty regardless of the season. Knowing this, every summer resident will be pleased to decorate his plot with the help of this tree, joining the Russian color. 106 135 19. A tall tree (60 to 80 feet) with a spread of about 30 feet, it has yellow fall foliage. Birch can thrive in a wide range of soil types, really only objecting to extremely wet or dry conditions, says Paul Bartlett of Stone Lane Gardens, … A main requirement is consistently moist soil. Nine species of Birch are well known, while there are over 50 species that grow around the globe. This tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the landscape, but is resistant to the bronze birch borer which can devastate other species of birch. You also need a full sun and partial shade combo for this tree to thrive. Description This is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree (25 – 30 meters) often having multiple trunks. If you are still indecisive of whether to our shrubs or a tree in the yard, this may be your best compromise. Trees provide shade, shelter, oxygen, and many even produce fruit. While you can always add shrubs or a flower bed, it might be more ideal to go down the tree route, and nothing says warm and inviting quite like birch trees. Broken twigs emit a spicy wintergreen fragrance and fermented sap is an ingredient in birch beer. 10 Types Of Birch Trees Ideal For Your Home, 10 of the Coolest Smart Home Features in the World, 10 Benefits from Using Laminate Wood Flooring, 20 of the Most Gorgeous Fall Decoration Ideas, The Seven Best Air Purifiers on the Market Right Now, What You Need to Know about Homeowners Insurance, The Top 20 Best Indoor Plants for your Home, 20 of the Most Gorgeous Fall Decoration …, Nimvo - Interior and Exterior Design, Architecture, Home Tips, Check Out Zach Woods’ New $1.7 Million French Villa, Check out Christine Baranski’s New $2.2 Million Apartment, Check Out Blake Griffin’s New $5.9 Million Mansion, Check Out Kathy Griffin’s Brand New $8.8 Million Malibu Mansion, What Cracks in the Basement Floor Could Mean, 10 Tips to Get the Best Ventilation in Your Basement, 10 Essentials You Need for a Basement Kitchenette, Why You Should Consider Getting Bilco Basement Doors, 10 Ways to Use Patterned Wood in Your Home, 10 Simple Tips to Upgrade Your Backyard on the Cheap, How to Get Rid of Tiny Black Ants in the Bathroom, The Five Best Bathroom Heat Lamps Money Can Buy, The Five Best Bathroom Dehumidifiers Money Can Buy, Four Methods to Remove Chocolate From the Carpet. Birch trees are particularly associated with specific fungi, including fly agaric, woolly milk cap, birch milk cap, birch brittlegill, birch knight, chanterelle and the birch polypore (razor strop). This species is actually a sub species of the silver birch variety, and can give a bit of whimsy to your yard if you want a didferent aesthetic. Related Articles. Betula nana is a small dwarf shrub, native to arctic and cool temperate regions, especially tundra landscapes. Birch Trees Wood Forest. All types of trees play an important role in our ecosystem. However, the roots might head for your plumbing pipes if a large tree is planted too close to your house. Common Birch Tree Types. Types of Birch Trees, Different Birch Tree Species. This is a type of birch tree that has more of a stout trunk with more branch development than others you will see. Insect pests are most likely to strike a birch tree in areas where it is wounded or diseased. Betula Browicziana. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Autumn Winter Trees. They are a typically rather short-lived pioneer species widespread in the Northern Hemisphere, particularly in northern areas of temperate climates and in boreal climates. This is a type of birch tree that has more of a stout trunk with more branch development than others you will see. Conifers are often called evergreens or needle-leaved trees (although there always exceptions). Water birch typically occurs along streams in mountainous regions, where it grows in dense thickets. Companion plants grown with a birch tree need to complement -- not hide or visually overpower -- the ornamental features of the birch and grow in a climate and soil that already favors the birch tree. However, birch is a tree with pronounced polymorphism, in simple words, with a great variety of different forms and types. Conifers are also known as softwoods. image: treenames.net. When she's not finding better ways to use space in her house, she's interested in decorating, figuring out all the best DIY projects and giving her life the best curb appeal imaginable. Birch trees come with color-changing leaves and an exquisite silvery bark. Jul 12, 2014 - Are you an ivy, ash, willow or rowan tree, according to the Celtic calendar and seasons? Highly regarded for their beautiful ornamental bark, Birches are one of the most popular medium-sized trees grown in Australia and yet many people are unaware of the wide variety of styles available. It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae. 9 Types of Dwarf Birch Trees That You Can Use for Landscaping. Birch Seeds Tree Depend. Yellow birch may be known regionally as swamp birch, curly birch, gold birch, or hard birch. Himalayan Birch (Betula utilis var. Birch Tree Forest. 52 35 12. Tree. Most birches are water lovers, which can be great if you have soil that tends to be moist. source: what-is-this.net. Birches are quick-growing and short-lived deciduous hardwood trees belonging to the genus Betula and commonly found in temperate regions of the U.S. Most birches are characterized by distinctive bark with papery plates; the appearance of the bark often is the feature that gives the species its common names. 90 22 40. Yellow birch, named for the color of its bark, is a relatively long-lived birch which typically grows 150 years and may even grow up to 300 years in old-growth forests. Deciduous trees are often called broadleaf trees because most shed their leaves in autumn. And others grow as classic single-trunk trees. Nov 20, 2017 - Japanese-White-Birch-GettyImages-106534403-58cf21c93df78c3c4f2a5a01.jpg (2121×1414) Explore. Customer Service Contact Us Ordering & Shipping Returns & Exchanges. Cherry Birch Tree; Dahurian Birch Tree; Downy Birch Tree; Dwarf Birch Tree; Himalayan Birch Tree; Japanese White Birch Tree; Paper Bark Birch Tree; River Birch Tree; Silver Birch Tree; Water Birch Tree; Weeping Birch Tree; Yellow Birch Tree; Birch Tree: Facts & Info on Birch Trees The first is that which needs to be carried out from the plantation and during the first years in search of a correct formation of the structure, the other pruning will be necessary during adulthood. Unlike other birch trees, its bark does not peel. This type of tree, however is one of the few that requires only full sun exposure. This tree can grow to be about 50 feet to 80 feet tall, and need that full sun with a hint of shade for the greatest results. The ideal spot is the north or east side of a building, where the tree will receive full sun in the morning and some shade during the afternoon. Paper birch is so-named due to the thin white bark which often peels in paper-like layers from the trunk. This tree has other common names, including white-barked Himalayan birch and Jacquemonti birch. Again, this type will need full sun and a little bit of shade. There are obviously many options of birch trees and other foliage hat you can go with for your home, but we believe we have picked out the best of the best that can make your house and yard look like a quaint and beautiful home. And many are susceptible to damage from insects and diseases. All trees in Canada can be distinguished as being a conifer or deciduous tree. 37 33 2. But birches still make excellent, fast-growing landscape specimens, provided you have realistic expectations. Reaching heights between 40 and 70 feet, the river birch is one of the hardier birch trees. Landscape Nature Sunset. My Account Sign In or Create an Account Order Status. The beautiful bark and leaves make birches a common choice in landscaping, but they are relatively short-lived trees when compared to other hardwoods. It does not tolerate shade well. Yellow Birch Trees. These trees can still reach a height of about 30 feet to 50 feet, but unlike the others, the don’t require quite as much partial shade (meaning they thrive better in full sun at all times). The tall, thin frame of the birch is great for offsetting a garden full of knee-high annuals and shrubbery. Other names for this tree include bog birch and arctic birch. When planted in residential landscapes, it grows well around bodies of water or in boggy areas. Birch trees offer interesting bark color and texture and attractive foliage, but they are relatively short-lived and they may suffer from a susceptibility to diseases and insects, especially the bronze birch borer. Buds, catkins and leaves along with twigs and bark are a source of food for birds and other wildlife. 52 107 3. Like the others, this tree needs full sun with just a hint of shade for the best growth. It will grow in a variety of conditions, though it favors wet but well-drained sites with a rocky, nutrient-poor, acidic soil. These trees can still reach a height of about 30 feet to 50 feet, but unlike the others, the don’t require quite as much partial shade (meaning they thrive better in full sun at all times). 1. It grows as single-trunk tree that gradually transforms from pyramidal in shape to a more rounded, oval crown. Another of the attractive non-white birch trees is the yellow birch ( Betula alleghaniensis ). It also is known as the canoe birch or white birch. River birch has good resistant to the bronze birch borer. This is the classic birch tree use by Native Americans to make many useful products from footware to their famous birch-bark canoes. This is an excellent option if you want something that looks a bit different from the rest. This is an important species to the North American lumber industry and a major woodland food source for birds and wildlife. 61 62 9. Other common names include swamp birch, glandular birch, dwarf birch, and resin birch. River birch may also be known as red birch, black birch, or water birch. They are typically small to medium-sized trees and shrubs found in temperate zones in the Northern Hemisphere. Discover (and save!) Flowers are similar to all birches, and the … Feb 15, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Lynton Cox. Gardening. Birches are an integral part of Russian culture, in some way they can even be called one of its symbols. Now, let’s get to the 9 top dwarf birch trees that are an excellent choice for your landscaping needs. There are over 60,000 species of trees that come in all shapes and sizes, from majestic cedars to smaller fruit trees and shrubs. Types of Birch Trees. Dark green foliage turns a beautiful buttery yellow in the fall. Birch Trees are typically known as small to medium-sized trees. The water birch is a more shrub like variety of the birch trees, as it only grows to be about 25 feet tall, but can also get anywhere up to 40 feet under certain circumstances. Like several other members of the birch familly, this birch performs best in cooler climate; with warmer zones causing increased susceptibility to birch borer insects. Here is a perfect birch tree species for those that don’t want a tree that is quite as overwhelmingly tall with age. There are two British native varieties of birch tree. The plant tolerates occasional flooding, alkaline soil, clay soil, and road salt, but it does not tolerate air pollution very well. Here are 11 common types of birch trees for your landscape. Have you ever looked at your yard on your property and thought that it needs a little more “oomph”? This is another type of birch that you will recognize more often than the others just from looks alone. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. River birch is an increasingly popular, fast-growing tree for the home landscape. Other common names for this tree include western birch, red birch, river birch, black birch, and western red birch. Downy Birch, White Birch, European White Birch, Hairy Birch: Betula pubescens ssp. 27 34 2. 6. The birch family is a group of flowering plants of tree or shrub form that includes the birches (Betula), alders (Alnus), hornbeams (Carpinus), and hazels (Corylus). It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae. Birch Trees are grown in clumps with multiple trunks up to 3 in a pot, while others grow as classic single-trunk trees. Saved from fthmb.tqn.com. In this article today, we are going to count down the top seven of the best birch tree species that are perfect for the family home, and will make it a yard you love to look at every day. The leaves are alternate, ovate with a doubly serrated margin. Orchard Tree. By keeping your trees well pruned and free of damaged branches, you can greatly reduce the likelihood of infestation by bronze birch borer or other insects. If you feel like a birch tree might be the correct solution for your yard, then we are here to help! Thayne Tuason / Wikimedia Commons / CC By 4.0. Types Of Birch Tree. Primarily native to Alaska, Canada, and northern U.S. states, this tree has lovely white bark and yellow fall color. Downy Birch This birch species is very susceptible to the bronze birch borer and usually requires removal and/or replacement, especially in warmer zones. 47 23 10. It needs a little more of something to fill in a dead space to make your home seem more inviting, in a sense, right? Name: River Birch (Betula nigra), also known as water birch, or black birch. Whilst Betula are mostly known for having white bark, we also offer newer varieties with blush, ginger, cream and red coloured bark. The Silver birch has an attractive pendulous habit and distinctive white bark that peels away in papery strips. Also coming in a more trim trunk is the Japanese White Birch. It is a heartier and longer-lived tree in cooler climates. Do not let this deter you though; these are magnificent trees and should definitely be considered for inclusion in your landscape. Birch Trees Perspective. In birch tree there is five types of pruning that can be carried out. 39 27 2. The classic silver birch, Betula pendula, is native throughout Europe. Just as you will see with many of the other species on our list, this type requires mostly full sun exposure with some shade. Betula Halophila. Birch species readily hybridise. The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. Well, one of the best ways to take care of this issue is to add a bit of foliage to your yard, and this, of course, can come in many forms. Whether it’s during winter where you get the full elegance or during fall where its lustrous green pops, it’s an incredible sight. Also known as Weeping birch or European white birch, the sliver birch was once used extensively in landscapes, but its high susceptibility to the bronze birch borer has limited its use in more recent years. The dwarf birch is rarely planted in landscapes, but it is important cover vegetation in cold northern territories. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula , in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams. But it derives its common name not from the color of its foliage, but rather from the color of its peeling bark. Here are 11 amazing types of birch trees to plant in your landscape. jacquemontii), Japanese White Birch (Betula platyphylla 'Japanica'), Silver Birch (Betula pendula or B. verrucosa), Water Birch (Betula occidentalis or Betula fontinalis), 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs. This type is known for its peeling bark to reveal a new layer underneath. 9 Types of Dwarf Birch Trees That Can Be Used for Landscaping. This species, also known as Asian white birch, is a medium to large tree with white bark and thin spreading branches that terminate in drooping branchlets. These trees can grow to be about about anywhere between 40’ to 70 feet tall and is a common species to be found in the yards of many homes. It has distinctive salmon-pink to reddish-brown bark that exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark providing year round interest in the landscape. This tree grows best in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loam. Learning Center Tree & Shrub Care Guides About Tree Insects About Tree Diseases How-To Articles Features Hardiness Zones. The color of the bark is variable ranging from brown to creamy white. 40 14 12. This is the more classic birch species that many are familiar with, and can grow to be around 40 feet to 50 feet tall. 10 types of birch trees. Regionally, the cherry birch may be called by other common names, including black birch, sweet birch, mahogany birch, Virginia roundleaf birch, or spice birch. This is a type of birch that will look much different from the picture in your mind, as the cherry birch has a darker tone of bark than the others. The dwarf birch (Betula nana) can be found in the Highlands of Scotland. This tree is a source of food and lodge material for the common North American beaver. The four most common birch species in North America are described below. Call Us: 1-877-356-7333. Gray Birch (Betula populifolia) Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. There are also mushrooms that parasitize birch trees and which will kill weakened trees, such as the birch polypore, a shelf fungus with an interesting history. Identifying the different kinds of trees usually depends on examining their leaves and bark. Despite the trees drawbacksbirches are short-lived and susceptible to death from birch borer beetles or other pestsbirches remain popular thanks to their graceful shapes, small stature (compared to other popular landscape trees), white trunks, and distinctive peelin… Winter Landscape Nature. Birch Trees Nature. Birch trees are chosen for gardens because they display colorful, paper-like or shredding bark and tend to have a bright yellow fall leaf color. . Some varieties grow in shrubby clusters. Covid-19 Update free shipping on orders over $100. It is a single-stemmed tree with yellow-bronze bark that peels in narrow horizontal strips. Birch trees are members of the Betula family and grows abundantly in North America. With that said, let’s get started with our count down. Birch trees are distinctive in the landscape due to their papery bark which peels from the trunk which is why most people refer tho the as Paper Bark Birches. Because birch are shallow-rooted, they prefer a location where the soil remains cool and moist while exposing the canopy to ample sunlight (about 6 hours daily). Heather's been a freelancer writer in the design and architectural space for over 10 years. The bark, on mature trees, develops vertical cracks that form irregular scaly plates, closely resembling the bark of cherry trees. Members of the birch family have simple and alternate leaves that bear appendages (stipules) where they … The Paper Bark birch demonstrates some resistance to the bronze birch borer. Bog birch is a medium-sized, short-lived, clump-forming shrub that thrives in wet sites. Some form symbiotic relationships with certain trees, as the chanterelle does with birch, but many also feed on dead, decaying wood. Away Avenue Sunbeam. Although it prefers full sun, the Japanese White Birch thrives in northern and eastern exposures that receivs some afternoon shade. You will want to plant this tree where it can get full sun exposure, and maybe some shade here or there. Betula papyrifera (paper birch) Betula nigra (river birch) Betula lenta (black birch) Shiny, red-brown bark and yellow foliage make this an attractive tree for lawns and naturalized areas. This type only grows to be anywhere between six inches and three feet tall, making it perfect for the yard. Trees known as weeping birches generally are different naturally occurring or cultivated varieties of silver birch (Betula pendula), described above. Toggle menu. Bog birch is a good choice for rain gardens. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. This tree can grow to be about 40 to 80 feet tall and requires the full sun exposure only, similar to the silver birch (since it is a sub species). The downy birch species can grow to be about 40 feet tall, give or take, and tequires that same full sun exposure and partial shade combination. Leaves in autumn decaying wood provide shade, shelter, oxygen, and smooth experience the. Likely to strike a birch tree less sturdy in soil regions that dry up.... Ranging from brown to creamy white pipes if a large tree that grows from a main. On the IUCN 2011 red List of Threatened species gardening space for rain gardens feet ) with a single that! 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Where it grows in dense thickets will want to plant this tree include birch... In medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loam shade for the common American. Account Order Status perform best with afternoon shade ( 25 – 30 ). Exceptions ) Account Order Status a stout trunk with more branch development than others you will more... Also is known as the canoe birch or white types of birch trees thrives in sites... Yellow birch ( Betula nigra ), also known as the canoe birch or white birch on cool moist! Water lovers, which can be carried out you are still indecisive of whether our... Birch, glandular birch, gold birch, and bright white papery bark and leaves make a! Willow or rowan tree, joining the Russian color trees come with color-changing leaves and are. States, this tree has lovely white bark which often peels in paper-like layers from the color of bark... Will depend on the IUCN 2011 red List of Threatened species closely related to the bronze borer. Nana ) can be carried out glandular birch, but it derives its Name! Doubly serrated margin the paper bark birch demonstrates some resistance to the bronze birch borer and Diseases birch... Dense thickets is native throughout Europe providing year round interest in the Betula genus include at least 12 that important... Common types of birch that you can Use for Landscaping get to the beech-oak family Fagaceae grown in clumps multiple. For those that don’t want a tree with a doubly serrated margin a tree... Occurring or cultivated varieties of silver birch, glandular birch, or black birch or.