Leaf blade shape. �@.�M"���V�� �����p��l3���j>�P��膱$#�1D��(�F ʱ��!���r�r�G��L�3�4�p. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. However, it is not very flood-tolerant and may suffer during extended inundation. Her professional experience includes teaching and tutoring students of all ages in literature, history and writing. As an added bonus, these will grow where white birches fail to thrive. 'Heritage' river birch is reportedly resistant to bronze birch borer. Very similiar to black birch including a wintergreen smell, but bark is more flaky and yellow/shiny in color. Christmas mistletoe (Phoradendron serotinum) is a common pest in the South. endobj the leaf blade is compound (divided into leaflets) The Kentucky champion tree is in Johnson County and is 80 feet tall. 1/2 inch long petiole. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. Beauty certainly is one of its attributes, but there are many others. It also is resistant to Verticillium. River birch (Betula nigra) is a fast-growing, shade tree native to the Mississippi River flood plain in southeastern Minnesota.It is popular for its ornamental peeling bark. Yukon birch has leaves that rarely exceed 1 1/2 inches in length, making these leaves among the smallest of all the birches in North America. Betula nigra (River Birch) is a bushy deciduous tree prized for its incredible peeling bark. The Black Birch is botanically called Betula lenta . River birch is widely planted for its appealing, peeling bark and shiny, diamond-shaped leaves. Please do not hesitate to call us at the Fayette Extension Office if you have any questions or concerns, (859) 257-5582. Its durable wood is easy to work with and is used to make a variety of items, including toys, artificial limbs and flatware. Leaf lower surface green or white, glabrate or pubescent or with tufts in vein axils, tomentose or villous. [/CalRGB It was very healthy until it recently developed this fungus or something on the leaves. River birch grows under full sun to full shade in highly acidic to slightly alkaline loam, clay or sand. The veins of the leaves run directly to the teeth from the mid-vein of the leaf. What Kind of Tree to Use for Instant Shade? Ruby … It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. ����P��4DC4c Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. The river birch tree often is used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs and attractive color. Hello: We planted this river birch approximately 1 year ago. Yellow Birch - high elevation (in the south), you won't find river birch here. Petioles 0.3–2 cm long, pubescent. River birch peel in colorful flakes of brown, salmon, orange and lavender. Without pruning, it grows with several trunks. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. River birch occurs frequently along stream banks throughout Kentucky, except in the Bluegrass region. ***The River Birch is an angiosperm. The river birch is a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden. When he once spotted it on a tour of the United States, Prince Maximilian of Austria called it the most beautiful of trees. The river birch is a “bleeder” and open wounds cause heavy sap flow that is attractive to some beetles, and wound dressing is ineffective. /Gamma [1.8 1.8 1.8] Shaded area represents potential planting range. It lacks the white trunk bark associated with other birches but is distinguished by reddish-brown bark peeling off in film-like papery curls providing interest all year round. The veins consist of vascular tissues which are important for the transport of food and water.” Common Uses. Though the tree is susceptible to chlorosis in high pH soils, as well as to aphids, beetle borers, leaf spots and anthracnose, these conditions and pests cause minimal damage and are not a major concern. >> Leaf venation “is the pattern of veins in the blade of a leaf. River birch is a deciduous medium to large-sized native tree. The multiple, slender trunks are draped in silver, satiny bark that splits to allow the nut-brown inner bark to peep through. It produces flowers in the spring and winter, and small brown or green cones in the summer. 3 0 obj stream River Birch, B. nigra — Leaves: broad, wedged base, smooth margin at base, rest is doubly toothed or may even be slightly lobed, 7-9 pairs of veins. 1. Susceptible to leaf miner and scorch, and to leaf spots in wet climates. The principal leaf disease of river birch is anthracnose leaf blight caused by Gloeosporium betularum. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. *$ 5D��(Aަ &�e؉�q� aј�qT��Q �l7��FX!\@n����^"-�����b.��9(�I���!��2H��HE� River Birch Leaf Spots. Leaf upper surface green, glabrous or glabrate or pubescent, tomentose. << River birch has no serious Ruby-throated hummingbirds drink its sap. When young, its peeling bark is silvery gray, before changing to pink, reddish-brown or black when mature. For starters, it's resistant to common diseases, grows up to 2 to 3 feet each year, and adapts to a variety of soil types. Paper or Canoe Birch, B. papyrifera — Leaf base is round or heart-shaped and smooth. Its diamond shaped, double-toothed leaves produce an erect or spreading canopy that covers an extensive area. >> Eastern Cottonwood is dioecious; individual trees produce either all male (staminate) flowers or all female (pistillate) flowers. texensis ‘Texas White’ and Cercis reniformis ‘Oklahoma’ have far superior foliage and make wonderful substitutes for ‘Heritage’ river birch is reportedly resistant to bronze birch borer. The flowers are unisexual, borne in separate male and female catkins on the same tree. Leaf Venation. The river birch is a favorite tree in the southern United States, because it can tolerate dry conditions. River birch also is valuable as a source of erosion control and is used to reclaim areas with high soil acid caused by mining. Unlike other birch trees, this cultivar is resistant to bronze birch borer. 1 0 obj ... Green Ash, Slippery Elm, Silver Maple, and River Birch. C)���Q$� �v,=��m���Y�QG Clark has also published short literary fiction in the "Southern Humanities Review" and has co-authored a novel. River birch (Betula nigra), also known as red birch, black birch or water birch, is native to the southeastern United States where the trees typically grow in thickets along rivers and lakeshores, as well as on floodplains, sandbars and islands in streams. river birch simple, doubly serrated leaf w/ broad angled base and pointed tip; very papery bark that ranges from white, brown, and salmon color (dark brown with age); orange/brown, slender and hairy imbricate bud; alternate arrangement; brown/gray-reddish smooth twig © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Leaf venation is pinnate. Rest of margin is coarsely and doubly toothed. She holds a Bachelor of the Arts in political science and a Master of Fine Arts in writing. Leaf venation pinnate, secondary veins on either side of the midvein 5–12. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. Reddish, peeling bark. ] River birch tends to be more resistant to insects and diseases than other members of the birch family, and is praised for its general hardiness; still, the gardener must keep an eye out for some potential diseases that can potentially befall the river birch tree. ��#q>&����5L�/���s�a~�J1��5Z�v�j�?���E�o�V�`oT�]xػ\z��巙���f�+��;MZ�� �G�>ݠ�S���,���+n;ꏆ�C�砮�i 4M$���k^� � | ޷�,��S��C̬@�3� Aphids and caterpillars infest foliage. The leaves are alternate, double serrated, wedge-shaped, and sharply pointed. It is very common to find fungal leaf spots on river birch trees, especially in years with high humidity. River Birch Trees "River" birch is called so because, in its native habitat, it is often found growing near rivers. Karen Clark has been writing professionally since 2001. As a bonus, we share some of the common uses of each tree, like decoration, fuel, furniture, etc. For instance, the average white birch leaf grows to be about 2 to 3 inches long. River birch can be easily trained with one central leader or as a m… Introduction : River birch, the only semi-aquatic tree among Betulaceae, is the most widely distributed birch in the United States and the best one for hot climates. /Length 67316 On the medical side, the leaves and bark from the river birch are used to treat skin irritations like eczema, rashes, etc. Native Americans used the boiled sap as a sweetener similar to Maple syrup and the inner bark as a survival food. Betula lenta, or Sweet Birch, is a deciduous, pyramidal shaped tree, maturing into a more rounded shape that may grow 60 to 70 feet tall. Birch leaves are not large, as the foliage of trees such as oaks and maples tends to be, with most only a few inches in length. Hardy in United States Department of Agriculture zones 4 to 9, river birch is the most widely distributed and adapted birch tree in the states. Aphids and caterpillars infest foliage. Habitat & Range. The slender petioles are nearly as long as the leaf blades; they are light green, glabrous, and somewhat flattened. Companion plants grown with a birch tree need to complement -- not hide or visually overpower -- the ornamental features of the birch and grow in a climate and soil that already favors the birch tree. The bark is light brown to buff, paperlike; exfoliating on young trees, turning to scaly bark on older trees. The river birch can become susceptible to disease if pruned in the spring. pink; ‘Purple Leaf’ - young foliage purple; ‘Forest Pansy’ is a particularly attractive cultivar with purple-red leaves in the spring, but color fades to green in the summer in the south. /Filter /LZWDecode Below you will find a link that will help provide more information. %���� Though somewhat drought-tolerant, it grows best in moist soil and tolerates wet soil. It also is the best adapted to hot climates and is the only birch found in the southern states. Rarely is this detrimental to the tree. This is a reference to its bark, which starts out salmon but turns darker as it matures. Buds hug the stem and may be hairy. Cercis canadensis var. It's easy to understand why the Heritage® River Birch is such a popular tree. The river birch is a tree for elven glades and fairy forests. Its attractive bark is especially striking in the winter when the rest of the tree is bare. Keep reading to learn more river birch tree facts, such as river birch tree care and effectively using river birch … As a landscape plant, it is grown as a single-stem tree or in a clump as a multi-stemmed tree with three or more trunks. River birch are good for large residences, public grounds, parks, golf courses, etc. Classic, Fast-Growing Ornamental Tree Why Heritage® River Birch Trees? Asked June 2, 2016, 12:14 PM EDT. Betula nigra-- River Birch Page 2 Crown density: dense Figure 2. "0� �l8G��`.� �H�P�$�C�(#LgAH�g7�S,�m8)������T%A�0TD�D! Wildlife, such as birds and rodents, eat its seeds, and deer eat its twigs and foliage. River birch, also called red birch, black birch, or water birch, is the only southern birch that grows in coastal plains. The river birch also attracts wildlife, as birds eat its seeds and deer enjoy munching on twigs and foliage. the leaf blades are widest above the base, then taper narrowly towards the tip (lanceolate) the leaf blades are widest near the middle and tapered towards the base and tip (elliptic) Leaf blade width At least 3 cm Leaf divisions. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Its leaves turn bright yellow in autumn; in the winter, its showy silver trunk adds beauty to the landscape. University of Florida Environmental Horticulture: Betula Nigra. Your help would be appreciated on what it is and what may be causing it. River birch is distinguished by having alternate, simple leaves, 1 1/2 to 3 1/2 inches long, 3/4 to 2 1/2 inches wide, sharp pointed, double toothed or shallowly lobed, with a wedge shaped base. Susceptible to leaf miner and scorch, and to leaf spots in wet climates. River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet. River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding. Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. << Thanks! Growth rate: fast Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Birch trees are chosen for gardens because they display colorful, paper-like or shredding bark and tend to have a bright yellow fall leaf color. Thanks! Minor problems with leaf miner and iron chlorosis which commonly occurs when grown on calcareous soils and other high pH soils. An alternate common name is "black" birch, which is reflected in the species name, nigra (Latin for "black"). The leaves turn yellow in the fall. /WhitePoint [0.9505 1 1.089] River birches must be pruned only in the fall when the tree is dormant. Her work includes articles on gardening, education and literature. /Matrix [0.4497 0.2446 0.02518 0.3163 0.672 0.1412 0.1845 0.08334 0.9227] Heritage® river birch. This tree is also considered very messy. The bark of some are quite distinctive (very smooth and pinky white), making it a … The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. It has a narrow, oval to pyramidal crown when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant. Salmon-pink, smooth and shiny at first, the bark flakes and curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets. Plus, it's an elegant source of shade, with unique peeling bark that stands out in your landscape. %PDF-1.1 I think the leaf venation can be different too compared to black birch, but would need to look that up to confirm. Some of the longer birch leaves grow on the yellow birch and sweet birch, at 4.5 inches and 5 inches in length respectively. 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