He then goes on to say, with regard to land ownership and rights, how there are three interrelated categories of these rights in customary law: 1) collective ownership – the idea of community or group-based ownership; 2) individual ownership - that there is no individual right of ownership but that the individual does have rights, such as use and enjoyment, under the communal land … - identify the scope of property law and distinguish it from other laws governing relations between persons in relation to objects, such as contract law and tort law. - Can be categorised- what you own- reality and personality. Land is a factor of production and a necessity for the survival of the family. The first who enclosed a piece of land and said- ‘this is mine’- he was the founder of real society. This work looks at the genesis and origin of family land Article VI declared that “This Constitution … Shall be the supreme law of the land.” Laws passed by Congress, though supreme in relation to State constitutions and State … However, its acceptance has not benefitted from a detailed legal theoretical explanation. Overreaching is the process by which the rights of … 2/25/2015 20EQUITY & LAND LAW 21. Indeed, the mainstream conceptualisation of living customary law may be accused of alarming ambiguity, … First slide: Objectives: - Understand what is meant by the term ‘property’. For full treatment, see property law. history and the concept of freehold, a system that was appropriate for Great Britain in the 19th century but not consistent with the traditions of Uganda and its people at that time. - Distinguish between different categories of property. Elisabeth Wickeri * Anil Kalhan ** Introduction . In Centre for Environmental Law, WWF-I v. Union of India and others,11 the petitioners, World Wide Fund for Nature, approached the Supreme Court of India by way of a public interest petition in 1995. The principal requirements were comparatively simple: one only had to prove a legitimate transaction and unchallenged ownership for a year in the case of movable property and two years in the case of land. The concept of living customary law has been embraced by scholars and judges, especially in Southern Africa. Land law has and always will be of great importance to people, for a start; we all need somewhere to live. Land Rights and the Rule of Law Roy L. Prosterman Landesa Abstract A major arena for successful pro-poor rule of law reform has been the provision of secure land rights for the rural poor. Definition & concept of property ... provided he makes no use of them prohibited by law. introduced by the colonial powers. As examples, ownership of the air space above the land surface is qualified by Air Navigation legislation, and A History of the Land Law A. W. B. Simpson Abstract. concept of possession in the common law-including Salmond himself-prove surprisingly disappointing. The positivist claims the judge is making law whereas Dworkin says she is simply giving her view about what the law already is. 18.17 The ‘bundle of rights’ that property ... eg, Peter Butt, Land Law (Lawbook Co, 5th ed, 2006) [612]. Irrigation agency: A state agency responsible for the construction, operation and management of one or more publicly funded irrigation systems. Concept of property: Land law. regulate land use has never been systematically explored. investors may be subject to protection under international law. 1 RGL 28- 38 Bimpong –Buta S.Y., Burden of Proof in Land Suits [1989-90] Vol XVII RGL 349-359 Josiah –Aryeh N.A., Emergence of a Statutory Concept of Land Law in Ghana [2008-2010] Vol. Newland states that the elements having greater atomic masses cannot accommodate into octaves and could not be fit into … This com-ment examines the development of land use regulation doctrines and the concomitant evolution of the concept of compensable takings, as they reflected and were shaped by the social and institutional reorien-tations that occurred during the nineteenth century. Nii Amaa Ollennu, in his book Principles of Customary Land Law in Ghana, introduces the concept of land in the law as follows: “The term “land” as understood in customary law has a … Land Law and Legal Definition The ordinary meaning of the word ‘land’ is that of dry superficies of the earth as distinguished from water or air. Hence the creation of family land. Usually it is treated as a ‘bundle of rights’. Land tenure: The relationship, whether legally or customarily defined between people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. Under common law, the earliest forms of landlord and tenant relationship on record has its origin rooted in the medieval land law and was originally one of contract only. VII No. As examples, ownership of the air space above the land surface is qualified by Air Navigation legislation, and unregistered wayleaves and easements under Electricity … The concept Land use -- Law and legislation represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in European University Institute. - Evaluate whether a chattel is or has become part of the ‘land’. Hence, any attempt to go further on the subject-matter is a clear call to the doctrine of Quic Quid Plantatur Solo Solo Cedit. Newlands was one of the first to detect a periodic pattern in the properties of the elements and anticipated later developments of the periodic law. Asante –Ansong S., Compulsory Land Purchase and Compensation [1976] Vol. 2.1. Law of Octaves was true only for Elements up to Calcium. As a result, land reforms in Uganda in the twentieth and twenty first centuries have been targeted to rectify those historical errors. The extraordinary diversity of the property systems of non-Western societies, however, suggests that any concept of property … The trust concept accepts the concept of legal and equitable ownership of land. - Only own an estate- owned by the queen As a legal term, land means not merely the dry superficies of the earth, but also comprises of all that has material form that man has received or can receive from nature, that is to say, … Murphy considered the possibility that it doesn't matter what the concept of law is. The concept of ‘property’ may be elusive. Work published since the first edition of this text is taken into account, and the treatment of the nineteenth century period has been enlarged. The family is the smallest unit of the society and the bedrock of civilization. Fixtures in Land Law is a concept that relates to land-they are chattels affixed to the land. Land Rights Issues in International Human Rights Law . The word “land” in law is used to refer to more than just the two-dimensional, tangible surface soil on which people stand or walk. Roman property law began with the concept of ownership (dominium), and it applied principally to slaves and land. Whether it is freehold property or a leasehold property, we need to know our rights, our boundaries and the regulations and laws that govern us. The Federal Constitution of 1787 drastically changed the concept of constitutional government by introducing the principle of constitutional supremacy. The concept of legal title: its uses and applications in territorial disputes are of paramount importance for the jurisprudence in international law and its analysis implies a challenge which has to be taken. This is a common law doctrine which was received into the Nigerian Land Law. Land Tenure, Livelihood and the Environment . This concept arose towards the end of the 12th Century, due to the realization for money making over developed/landed property. Customary law had provisions for land use, land transfer and licensing others to enjoy the fruits of land without objection. Land Law focuses upon the uses and supply of land. Conscious that they will later have to wed the concepts they formulate to the complexities of the common law, trained to make distinctions rather than to see It looks to facilitate how an owner of land may use it or moderate how others do so; this relationship can develop into ‘interests’ in the land. This is traditionally viewed as debate about what the content of the concept of law is. Some described customary law of a community as a ‘body of customs and traditions which regulate the various kinds of relationship between members of the community.’ Customary law … Every known legal system has rules that deal with the relations among persons with respect to (at least) tangible things. This module will examine the different interests that a person may have in land and how the law seeks to resolve conflicts through statute, common law … This concept in the twenty–first century is, however, subject to limitation by statutory law and comes increasingly under challenge at common law. Overreaching applies where there exists a trust of land in both registered and unregistered land. The concept Reclamation of land -- Law and legislation represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in Brigham Young University. XXIV 1 - identify the various theories regarding the origin, justifications and condemnation of private property. Prehistoric period This research cannot ignore the importance of the anciéne régime when it comes to conflict of rights in the land law with reference to customary … Whoever have/authorize a land considered having a mandate from Allah should comprehend the intended law established by Allah so that what the human do as a kholifah toward the authority and ownership of land in their territorial as the essence of transfer from Allah in order to manage, watch, distribute, and guide the use of land … - understand the concept of property, objects of property and property law. THE CONCEPT OF FAMILY PROPERTY UNDER CUSTOMARY LAW IN NIGERIA Academics and jurists have described customary law in various ways. A brief treatment of property follows. Overreaching is covered under section 2(1) of the Law of Property Act 1925 which states that “a conveyance to a purchaser of a legal estate in land shall overreach any equitable interest or power affecting that estate, whether or … This book provides an account of the historical development of the common law of landed property. Overreaching in Land Law - Overreaching is a mechanism aimed at achieving conveyancing efficiency with minimal regard to protecting interests held in land. This concept in the twenty-first century is, however, subject to limitation by statutory law and comes increasingly under challenge at common law. The bulk of the 70-75% of the extreme poor on our planet who make their livelihood in the rural There are numerous reasons why a piece of land might be expropriated which may include:- usage for roads, usage for redistribution to the poor for housing, etc. Twenty-First century is, however, subject to limitation by statutory law and represents! 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