This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Does this inability take away from His omnipotence? Type of paper: Essay Topic: God, Ethics, Evil, Suffering, Criminal Justice, World, Punishment In a sense, I think of it as a limitation on his power because He created something that He has no control over or at least it seems that He does not. Author: Created by pippaatkin. Would it be safe and logical to say that God, being the Creator of all things (nature in particular), is to blame? Heaven is supposed to be a “perfect” world. Created: Oct 1, 2018. No plagiarism, guaranteed! This paper will discuss the problem of evil, state the main claims that have been argued by John Mackie and Alvin Plantinga, and show some of the arguments that other scholars have raised with regard to the problem of evil. There have been many proposed solutions to problem of evil, one being the free will defense/argument. Natalie Casas Professor B. Chung Phi 2011 2 March 2006 The Problem of Evil To some evil … 181-199. Perhaps no one will really understand God’s reason for allowing some things to happen. In Evil and Omnipotence, Mackie argues that the traditional conceived God cannot possibly exist with so much evil and suffering in the world. In my paper, I have examined the problem of evil and the concept of the free will argument, using Mackie and Plantinga’s arguments on the subject. 22nd Jun 2015 But some object that the fact of evil in the world stands in clear contradiction to such a God. These questions and many others, particularly the presence of evil, reflects the most persistent argument raised against theism. According to ‘Incompatibility’ or ‘Logical’ versions of the Problem of Evil, E is logically incompatible with God’s existence (Mackie 1955). Thus, the problem of evil leads to a contradiction in at least one, if not all, of the attributes of God (that being omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent). This is called “the problem of evil.” Aquinas argues that the God he has proven to exist is entirely consistent with the presence of evil in the world. The larger is how anyone can go to heaven. According to Mackie, God’s inability to offer this possibility is a rational contradiction and limits not only his power, but his goodness as well. Company Registration No: 4964706. At the same time, evil existing alongside God seems to detract from both his omnipotent and good status. One of the most controversial ideas of medieval Christians was … Whence then is evil (150)?” Being that there is more evil than good in the world, it is difficult to see how one can reconcile the existence of evil with the existence of an all-powerful, omnibenevolent God. Everyone would always freely choose to do good acts because God would constitute everyone to do so. Teach the text to your reader, don’t just read it to them. Of all the atheistic arguments, this is the one that has been around for longest, that has had the most words written about it, and that draws the most diverse responses from Christians. For objective purposes of consistency, I will only touch basis on Mackie’s response to evil being the direct result of freedom. The Problem of Evil argument focuses on the fact the existence of evil in the universe contradicts with God’s existence. This essay will be an analysis into the Problem of Evil and a counter rebuttal to objections levied against the Problem of Evil. Looking for a flexible role? He says that “The heart of the Free Will Defense is the claim that it is possible that God could not have created a universe containing moral good (or as much moral good as this world contains) without creating one that also contained moral evil. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Philosophy Essay - The Problem of Evil Part A - Compare and contrast the theodicies of Augustine and Irenaeus Both Augustine and Irenaeus attempt to explain the existence of evil in their theodicies, though have different explanations for its existence. 3. Your paper will present the problem of evil in its strongest possible terms and then resolve it. Despite Plantinga’s success and acceptance, his free will defense still presents a conflict between reasoning and the characteristics of God. Read this Philosophy Essay and over 89,000 other research documents. The Riddle of Epicurus: The Problem of Evil Introduction The problem of evil has been addressed by philosophers for centuries. The purpose of this essay will be to evaluate the logical problem of evil and free-will defense. From the first man that walked upon the earth up to the present day, evil has been part of life. It is obvious that such a world was not created, so what does this say in terms of God’s power? He is all powerful because “through Christ all things are possible”, or at least all things logically possible. Evil can be seen as an instrument of God to correct, purify, and instruct (as a parent punishes his/her child). However, a literary analysis of the work s of prominent philosophy gurus has provided one with the realization that inference is just as important as direct conclusions from definite statements. Plantinga, in his response against Mackie, suggests that atheologicans (specifically Mackie) are wrong to believe that evil and God are incompatible. A popular response to the problem of evil contends that there is a necessary connection between free will and the existence of moral (or human-caused) evil. Reference this. Examples of natural evils are sufferings caused by diseases or natural phenomena such as earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, and tsunamis. Not all natures of evil, however, can be explained in this way. 4 (it is recommended that you use the First Way). Read this Philosophy Essay and over 89,000 other research documents. I have given reason to both accept and reject the notion that it can be logically established that the existence of both evil and God are not incompatible. The Problem Of Evil Cannot Be Solved Philosophy Essay Evil is a problem, not because there is evil in the world or that there is so much of it in the world. Get Your Custom Essay on, © Copyright Eikra 2020. So even if God wants to prevent evil, he cannot because free will is important. Firstly, it is written in the Book of Genesis that God created man in His image. So it seems that either God does not exist, or His characteristics are very different from what we think. Plantinga’s argument is a valid justification for God’s permission of evil, but he seems to speak only in terms of one nature of evil. In his essay, Mackie examines what he calls “so-called” solutions to the problem: evil being a necessary counterpart to good, the universe being better off with some evil, evil acting as a means to good, and evil being the result of human free will. Gale, Richard M. “Freedom and the Free Will Defense.” Social Theory and Practice: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy (1990): 397-42. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! You can view samples of our professional work here. If such notion were true, why would not God step in to intervene? Free Essay On The Problem Of Evil. The problem of evil is the notion that, how can an all good, powerful, loving God exists when evil seems to exist also. Therefore, free will does not exist. When it comes to the problem of evil and God’s existence, there are many questions and concerns that come to mind. Show More. In other words, God could have created a world where man had the ability to choose between two actions (good or bad), but from his omnipotence, He would always see it that man choose what was right. In the body of your paper, you may paraphrase the quotation, but you MUST explain the meaning of the text you are referencing and how it establishes your point. “The Free Will Defense.” Pojman, Louis P. and Michael Rea. And if so, then it is possible that God has a good reason for creating a world containing evil (Plantinga, 190-191).” It is not to be taken in any way that Plantinga declares his proposition is true, but rather logically sound. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Mackie, J. L. “Evil and Omnipotence.” Pojman, Louis P. and Michael Rea. The Christian Philosophy’s Stance on the Problem of Evil ; The Concept of Evil and its Problem in Night ; The Temptation of the Garden: Good, Evil, and Aslan in The Magician’s Nephew ; Evil and Immoral Characters in the Play “Othello” by William Shakespeare Thirdly, it is argued that God cannot actualize a world with free will and no presence of evil. Belmont: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2008. Then He is impotent. These tend to fall, however, into two main groups. Instead, when you reference material, you may put the quotation in a footnote with the complete Chicago-style reference. He argues that God, even being omnipotent, could not create a world with free beings that never chose evil. Why does it contain any evil at all? Type of paper: Essay Topic: Ethics, Evil, People, Navaho, Treatment, Religion, Suffering The problem of evil also gives way to the notion that if hell exists then God must be evil for sending anyone there.I believe hell exists in light of the idea that God is holy. The argument simply says that God is not responsible for the evil that takes place, but rather, beings are at fault; at some point in life, a being will be faced with a situation that requires moral choice and the ability to act freely, and they may possibly choose evil (Cain). Welcome to Essay-Paper.com, the academic writing service that helps and guides scholars to a attain first class  marks. The religious believers assume that God is omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent, yet evil exist. The existence of evil seems to indicate that God is not preventing this evil. Theist Problem Of Evil Essay. In this case, in order for a person to possess happiness or feel sorrow, they must have been faced with a situation that evokes such feelings or emotions. The problem stems from the concept of an omnipotent, omniscient and perfectly good and just God; that if such a God exists, then evil should not exist. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. This essay is a conclusive look at the problems and contradictions underlying a belief in God and the observable traits of the world. GCSE Religious Studies Exemplar Essay - The Problem of Evil (no rating) 0 customer reviews. The traditional monotheistic response to the problem of evil is that human free will leads to evil in the world, as in the case of Original Sin. You will then present the problem of evil with special attention given to the apparent tension between the presence of evil and these attributes proven to belong to God. The free will defense illustrates that God allows evil for the sake of human free will. The concept implies that an omnipotent God does not assert its power to intervene in choice. Philosophy Skills: Reading, researching, and writing. It is deemed necessary that man go through struggles in order to gain strength, a means of soul promoting, or to be conscious of certain emotions. Nevertheless, there are several problems that result from a defense of this sort, which primarily revolve around the notion that God foreknows all choices that we will make and all events that will occur. On the contrary, natural evil arises through no fault by man. 173-180. Do you feel socializing with your colleagues is beneficial in creating a better learning environment. Home — Essay Samples — Social Issues — Evil — The Problem of Evil This essay has been submitted by a student. This response would probably be the safe way out, but again it does not necessarily pose a solution to the problem of natural evils. Then, again following Aquinas, you will proceed to demonstrate that the God thus proven to exist necessarily possesses certain attributes, and specifically you must show God’s omnipotence, omniscience, goodness, and perfection. So if the blame does not fall on man, who can we hold accountable for such occurrences?