Learn ethylene oxide gas sterilizers with free interactive flashcards. Sodium nitrate and sodium nitrite are added to many meat products, such as ham, bacon, hot dogs, and sausage. Which of the following is the best method to sterilize heat-labile solutions? High toxic , low temp sterilization method, vacuum, humidification, exposure , sterilant introduction, fin…, Removes all the air from the ethylene oxide chamber and and th…, Sterilisation, disinfectant and Ethylene Oxide, Isolation/barrier nursing, hygiene, vaccinations, balanced die…, -A substance derived from living matter such as Faeces, urine,…, -A chemical that reduces breaks surface tension allowing the d…, -it kills microorganisms (including endospores) by interfering…, -concentration of EO gas... -temperature... -humidity... -time, gas comes in high-pressure metal cylinders or in disposable ca…, influences the destruction of microorganisms and increase the…, classes of chemical agents ETHYLENE OXIDE, Alkylating agent -- cross links proteins and other macromolecu…, process of eliminating or reducing harmful microorganisms from…, process of killing all microorganisms and their spores, steam, ethylene oxide, hydrogen peroxide, bleach, dry heat, ga…, ETO - Ethylene Oxide.... Sterilization Mec…. After 2 minutes, only 106 cells still remained alive. This form of antimicrobial control is called __________. Ethylene oxide (EtO) is produced in large volumes and is primarily used as an intermediate in the production of several industrial chemicals, the most notable of which is ethylene glycol. Ethylene Oxide Health & Safety Manual: Training and Reference Materials on the Safe Use of Ethylene Oxide in Sterilizing Equipment. Which of the following is a limitation of the autoclave? The major use of ethylene oxide is as a chemical intermediate in the manufacture of ethylene glycol. Chem., 1950, 42, p. 1251]. Ethylene Oxide . It is a relatively ‘cold’ sterilization technique and offers high compatibility with most materials used in the manufacture of medical devices, such as plastics, polymers, metals and glass. It is also used as a fumigant in certain agricultural products and as a sterilant for medical equipment and supplies. The weight of ethylene oxide is determined by weighing to the nearest ± 0.1 mg. Ethylene oxide is also used as a sterilizing agent for medical equipment and a fumigating agent for spices. 10 air exchanges per hour... 2. exhaust must be directly route…, HAN474 Solvents, benzene and ethylene oxide, A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances, Solubility, non-flammability/flammability/ explosively, volati…, Verifies sterilization by confirming that all spore-forming mi…, -sterilization of heat, pressure or moisture sensitive items, -a liquid that becomes gas at room temp... -colorless/odorless an…, -100% in single dose syringes... -mixtures: EO w/HCFC's & EO w/ C…, rips apart cell membranes causing death of microorganisms... - et…, widest range of product and material compatibility... ability to…, sterilization of heat, pressure or moisture sensitive items. The acute (short-term) effects of ethylene oxide in humans consist mainly of central nervous Ethylene oxide is a hazardous air pollutant, also referred to as a toxic air pollutant or air toxic. It dissolves easily in water.Ethylene oxide is a man-made chemical that is used primarily to make ethylene glycol (a chemical used to make antifreeze and polyester). Ethylene oxide is soluble in water and organic solvents. Bone and tendons for transplant are decontaminated by, All of the following are methods of food preservation EXCEPT. This is a type of flammable and explosive gas that is used for the sterilization of medical equipment and devices. Ethylene oxide is a flammable, colorless gas used to make other chemicals that are used in making a range of products, including antifreeze, textiles, plastics, detergents and adhesives. Ethylene oxide (C₂H₄O) is a flammable gas with a somewhat sweet odor. Express your answer using two significant figures. Laboratory experiments were conducted to unravel synthetic routes to form three C 2 H 4 O isomers—acetaldehyde (CH 3 CHO), ethylene oxide (c-C 2 H 4 O), and vinyl alcohol (CH 2 CHOH)—in extraterrestrial ices via electronic energy transfer processes initiated by electrons in the track of MeV ion trajectories. Choose from 14 different sets of ethylene oxide flashcards on Quizlet. Start studying Micro - Ch. Sue washes off the vegetables before serving them in a meal. -Is used to sterilize items that are sensitive to heat or moisture … ETO toxicity has been established in a variety of animals. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Which of the following best explains why the pressure cooker is so important in the canning process? The higher temperatures kill most contaminating microbes and endospores and therefore effectively sterilize the food. Ethylene Oxide Gas Sterilization. Ethylene oxide is a colorless gas at room temperature and a colorless liquid below 51°F (10.7°C). Relative Humidity. She should have fixed the instrument, borrowed a properly working one, or purchased a new pressure cooker. It is used primarily to produce other chemicals, including antifreeze. OSHA's Renewed Mandate for Regulatory Flexibility: In Support of the 1984 Ethylene Oxide Standard. (OSHA Docket H200C, exhibit 2-9-L). It is produced by heating either natural gas, especially its ethane and propane components, or petroleum to 800–900 °C (1,470–1,650 °F), giving a mixture of gases from which the ethylene is separated. Exposure: Add EtO, all…, Flush load with warm filtered air to remove residuals. It must be done at a lower temperature than other methods so that _______________. Ethylene oxide is produced in large volumes and is used to make other chemicals, especially ethylene glycol, a chemical used to make antifreeze and polyester. Both the gas and liquid are potential fire and explosion hazards. Which of the following disinfectants acts by disrupting the plasma membrane? The antimicrobial activity of chlorine is due to which of the following? It is shipped as a liquefied, compressed gas. Which of the following does NOT achieve sterilization? For ethylene oxide, facility emissions testing, combined with air quality modeling, can provide a more complete picture of ethylene oxide in the air in an area than air quality monitoring can currently provide. the needle ethylene oxide bubbles should not appear so that ethylene oxide does not es-cape when the needle is withdrawn through the septum. bacteriostatic kills vegetative bacterial cells. Although ethylene oxide is a hazardous material in terms of flammability, reactivity and toxicity, it can be distributed and handled safely provided that appropriate precautions are observed. Botulism food poisoning is a preventable illness if special precautions are taken during food preparation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This is an example of chemical food preservation. None of the answers is correct; all of these factors may contribute to hospital-acquired infection. 8-12 ho…, is the use of alkylation of protein structure of microbes even…, Textile (Muslin), Non Woven Mat, Paper Plastic Certain Rigid c…, -gentle (items that would be damaged in heat would be safe)... -e…, - cancer (at high levels for 10-20 yrs)... -acute irritation to e…, -only small amounts of gas used (18ml)... -sterilisation takes pl…, it used to sterlized devices that cannot be processed through…, highly flammable... explosive... toxic... carcinogenic... can cause sponta…, 10% Hydrochloroflourocarbon (HCFC) and 90% ethylene oxide (EtO), -chemical of the ether group used for the production of consum…, -1950s used into 100% concentration... -1960s was blended with ch…, -highly flammable and explosive... -toxic and readily absorbed by…, 1. 1.2 The transport of ethylene oxide in bulk is subject to strict regulations within most countries in Europe. Which concentration of ethanol is the most effective bactericide? Pasteurization; the taste of the food or drink will not be altered. These additives help to prevent the growth of Clostridium botulinum by inhibiting certain iron-containing enzymes of the organism. Ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is the most common industrial sterilization technique for medical devices. Ethylene oxide also is used to sterilize equipment and plastic devices that cannot … Current OSHA PEL: 1 ppm TWA, 5 ppm 15-minute “EXCURSION” 1989 OSHA PEL: Same as current PEL 1993-1994 ACGIH TLV: 1 ppm (1.8 mg/m 3) TWA, A2 The following drawing represents the reaction of ethylene oxide with water to give ethylene glycol, a compound used as automobile antifreeze (Figure 1) What mass in grams of ethylene oxide is needed to react with 14 g of water? Oxidizing agents include all of the following EXCEPT, All of the following substances are effective against nonenveloped viruses EXCEPT. Ethylene glycol has been synthesized by the oxidation of ethylene with O 2 to ethylene oxide and the subsequent hydration of ethylene oxide to ethylene glycol. The initial population was 107 living cells (10,000,000). Can ethylene oxide cause immediate/acute health effects? Metal fittings containing magnesium, copper or silver should be avoided, since traces of acetylene in ethylene oxide may produce metal acetylides capable of detonating the vapor [MCA SD-38, 1971]. 1998. EtO brings serious risks of chemical burns to body tissues if a device, such as a plastic or rubber face mask, sterilized in EtO is not aerated (aeration cycle) after the sterilization cycle to allow the EtO absorbed during the cycle to elute from the mask, is … Lamontagne, AD, and Kelsey, MD. Which of the following best describes why microbial death curves are typically plotted logarithmically? Ethylene oxide monitoring data from July through October 2019 show little change over the previous nine months. Ethylene oxide calibration solution: Solution of about 4.5 mg ethylene oxide … Which of the following pairs of terms is mismatched? Ethylene is an important industrial organic chemical. Test your knowledge of this information with this quiz and worksheet. At room temperature, ethylene oxide is a flammable colorless gas with a sweet odor. Ethylene oxide is a flammable gas with a somewhat sweet odor. Other ethylene oxide derivatives are used in household cleaners and … CAS number: 75–21–8 NIOSH REL: <0.1 ppm (<0.18 mg/m 3) TWA, 5 ppm (9 mg/m 3) CEILING, 10-minutes/day; NIOSH considers ethylene oxide to be a potential occupational carcinogen as defined by the OSHA carcinogen policy [29 CFR 1990]. Ethylene oxide also is used to sterilize equipment and plastic devices that cannot … What was the MOST likely source of the family's botulism food poisoning? Surface-active agents, or surfactants, decrease surface tension among molecules of a liquid. When microbial control methods are used, microbes are destroyed at a constant rate; there is no instantaneous death of all the microbes present. In smaller amounts, ethylene oxide is used as a pesticide and a sterilizing agent. Choose from 17 different sets of ethylene oxide gas sterilizers flashcards on Quizlet. Moist heat destroys organisms by denaturing proteins. 7. Any process that destroys the non-spore forming contaminants on inanimate objects is sterilization. Most of the cell death occurs early in the treatment. Start studying ethylene oxide sterilization. C2H4O. A pressure cooker utilizes steam to create a higher-pressure environment that allows the food to cook at higher temperatures than normal. Which of the following is an example of microbial control? During a flood, a community's well water system is contaminated with a pathogenic fungus. Cycle Parameters. Most ethylene oxide is used up in the factories where it is produced. Ethylene oxide has a sweet, ether-like odor at air concentrations above 500 ppm. They are known to cause cancer and other serious health impacts such as reproductive effects or birth defects. Workers may be harmed from exposure to ethylene oxide. Learn ethylene oxide with free interactive flashcards. Acute (short-term) inhalation exposure to high concentrations of ethylene oxide can cause headache, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, respiratory irritation (e.g., coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing) and, in some cases, vomiting and other types of gastrointestinal distress. Ethylene oxide gas has a variety of benefits and dangers in health care applications. Which of the following chemical agents is used for sterilization? The pH of the medium has no effect on the activity of the disinfectant being applied. It dissolves easily in water, alcohol, and most organic solvents. A vacuum is typically used to force the liquid through the mesh, and then the sterile liquid or gas is collected in a sterile container on the other side. The thermal death time is the time needed to kill all the bacteria in a particular culture at a certain temperature. Filtration is the passage of a liquid or a gas through a screenlike material with pores small enough to retain microorganisms. -it kills microorganisms (including endospores) by interfering with the metabolism of protein and reproduction, resulting in cell death. Hazard Summary . Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. ETO is absorbed by many materials. That microbial death rate is influenced by all of the following factors EXCEPT __________. Preparation of Ethylene Glycol – C 2 H 6 O 2. Eng. Ethylene oxide is a flammable, colorless gas used to make other chemicals that are used in making a range of products, including antifreeze, textiles, plastics, detergents and adhesives. In this case, what could Sue have done to prevent the outbreak of botulism? Ethylene oxide, called oxirane by IUPAC, is an organic compound with the formula C 2 H 4 O.It is a cyclic ether and the simplest epoxide: a three-membered ring consisting of one oxygen atom and two carbon atoms.Ethylene oxide is a colorless and flammable gas with a faintly sweet odor. A small but important use of ethylene oxide is in the sterilization of medical supplies and devices and healthcare products such as bandages. Usually, ethylene is supplied from the thermal cracking of naptha from petroleum refining. Second Edition. It is a member of the ether family; known as an epoxide. It is used to produce ethylene glycols for engine antifreeze that keeps our automobiles performing. There are 187 different toxic air pollutants regulated by EPA. After another 2 minutes (4 minutes of total treatment), about how many cells would still be alive? Uses & Benefits Consumer Applications. Exposure to ethylene oxide may cause headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, breathing difficulty, drowsiness, weakness, exhaustion, eye and skin burns, frostbite, and reproductive effects. 75-21-8 . All of the following factors contribute to hospital-acquired infections EXCEPT. If the residents boil their water for 15 minutes prior to consumption, will they be protected? An antimicrobial chemical was added to a population of bacteria. For this reason, following sterilization the item must undergo aeration to remove residual ETO. _______________ is a process used to destroy pathogens in food and drinks. Sue noticed that the pressure cooker was malfunctioning during the canning process. The melting point of ethylene is −169.4 °C [−272.9 °F], and its boiling point is −103.9 °C [−155.0 °F]. The family consumed botulism toxin in the canned green beans. Guidelines have been promulgated regarding allowable ETO limits for devices that depend on how the device is used, how often, and how long in order to pose a minimal risk to patients in normal product use.814. Which of the following correctly describes a method of chemical control used to control microbial growth? Which of the following substances is used for surgical hand scrubs? Ethylene Oxide / ehtylene chlorohydrin / ethylene glycol, Ethylene Oxide (EO) residual level... Ver…, Ethylene Oxide (EO) residual level... Sma…, Ethylene Oxide (EO) residual level... Med…, Ethylene Oxide (EO) residual level... Lar…, -gas sterilization... -Use mostly in hospitals or large clinics, Control-Chemical Agents: Phenolics, Oxidizing Compunds, Ethylene oxide/propylene, Dye, Acids and alkalie, Chemical Control, Binds to nucleic acids, disrupts cell membranes and denatures…, Used phenol for the first time in surgery 1865, low temperatures, which offers an advantage for plastic and ru…, 4 to 12 hrs, depending on the sterilizer model used, required to remove the gas molecules that are bound to the pla…, Exposing products to ethylene oxide gas under vacuum in a seal…, Gas concentration, humidity, temperature, and time, Since EO is an alkylating agent, it disrupts the DNA of microo…, Pre-conditioning to assure a repeatable process regardless of…, chlorhexidine/chlorine/ethylene oxide/phenolic compound/ silver nitrate. Start studying Ethylene Oxide (EO)Gas. It cannot be used with heat-labile materials. A versatile and valuable building block of chemistry, ethylene oxide and its derivatives help make many of the products we use everyday. Ethylene Oxide. Which of the following methods is used to preserve food by slowing the metabolic processes of foodborne microbes? Which of the following correctly describes a method of physical control used to control microbial growth on or in such items? Ethylene oxide (also known as ETO or oxirane) is a flammable gas with a somewhat sweet odor. An agent used to reduce the number of bacteria on a toilet would most accurately be called a(n). Prior to drawing blood for a blood donation, the nurse will clean the arm with a Betadine solution. Existing monitoring methods are not sensitive enough to detect ethylene oxide … Use of moist heat can control microbial growth in many circumstances, but heat-sensitive items and those susceptible to moisture cannot be sterilized in this manner. 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