[5][6] During the first decade of English rule, these groups were active on behalf of the Spanish. Jamaican Maroons descend from maroons, Africans who escaped from slavery on the Colony of Jamaica and established free communities in the mountainous interior, primarily in the eastern parishes. maroon definition: 1. a dark reddish-purple colour 2. having a dark reddish-purple colour: 3. to leave someone in a…. The word maroon is commonly believed to be derived from the English equivalent of the Spanish word Cimarron (wild). Some maroon societies felt safe enough to plant crops and maintain some semblance of permanency. [53] On 13 June 2020, Ronnie Brunswijk was elected Vice President of Suriname by acclamation in an uncontested election. She is the only female listed among Jamaican national heroes, and has been immortalized in songs and legends. Log In. In the 19th and 20th centuries, maroon communities began to disappear as forests were razed, although some countries, such as Guyana and Suriname, still have large maroon populations living in the forests. The importance of the Maroons to the colonial authorities declined after slavery was abolished in 1838. What is clear is that Africans who originated from present-day Ghana played a significant role in the leadership of Jamaican maroon communities. [21] A British governor signed a treaty in 1739 and 1740 promising them 2,500 acres (1,012 ha) in two locations, to bring an end to the warfare between the communities. Many of their slaves escaped and, together with free blacks and mulattoes, former slaves, and some native Taíno,[2][3][4] coalesced into a number of ethnically diverse groups in the Jamaican interior.[5]. She was known for her exceptional leadership skills, especially in guerrilla warfare, which were particularly important in the First Maroon War in the early … Their culture and language also contributed greatly. True PeopleSearch. However, while they were successful in capturing and killing some runaways and their leaders, most members of the runaway communities continued to thrive under new leaders.[33]. At other times, the maroons would adopt variations of a local European language (creolization) as a common tongue, for members of the community frequently spoke a variety of mother tongues.[25]. Maroons (from the Latin American Spanish word cimarrón: "feral animal, fugitive, runaway") were Africans who escaped from slavery in the Americas and formed independent settlements. Jamaican Maroons descend from maroons, Africans who escaped from slavery on the Colony of Jamaica and established free communities in the mountainous interior, primarily in the eastern parishes. They sometimes developed Creole languages by mixing European tongues with their original African languages. Most visited articles . Through the use of slave labor, the production of sugar in this British colony flourished. [16], The early maroon communities were usually displaced. in Edwards, Bryan (1801), CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, "Memories of Lakeview, Jewell Cofield, 1976, Learn how and when to remove this template message, History of Suriname § Slavery and emancipation, "Cimarrón: apuntes sobre sus primeras documentaciones y su probable origen", "Cimarrôn-Maroon-Marron, note épistémologique", "The History of Haiti and the Haitian Revolution", "El Templo de los Cimarrónes" Guerrillero: Pinar del Río, "Places of Memory of the Slave Route in the Latin Caribbean en el Caribe Latino", "Lennox Honychurch, In the Forests of Freedom: The Fighting Maroons of Dominica", "The Shock Waves of the Haitian Revolution", "Hidden story of 2,000 African-Caribbean PoWs in a medieval castle", "The Central African Presence in Spanish Maroon Communities", "Albert Mangones, 85; His Bronze Sculpture Became Haitian Symbol", "Scott's Hall Maroons Looking to Develop Area as Major Attraction", "11th Annual International Maroon Conference & Festival Magazine 2019", "Historical Meeting Between The Kingdom Of Ashanti And The Accompong Maroons In Jamaica", "African DNA Project mtDNA Haplogroup L1b", "Villagers return to site of 1986 Suriname massacre", "The Ndyuka Treaty Of 1760: A Conversation with Granman Gazon", "Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch West-Indië - Page 154 - Boschnegers", "The Aluku and the Communes in French Guiana", Case of the Saramaka People v. Suriname, Judgment of November 28, 2007, "To Suriname Refugees, Truce Means Betrayal", "Live blog: Verkiezing president en vicepresident Suriname", "Inauguratie nieuwe president van Suriname op Onafhankelijkheidsplein", "Marronorganisaties blij met Brunswijk als vp-kandidaat", "Articles on Suriname Maroons and their culture in Dutch and English", "Creativity and Resistance: Maroon Cultures in the Americas", "Music from Aluku: Maroon Sounds of Struggle, Solace, and Survival", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maroons&oldid=996958914, Pre-emancipation African-American history, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Articles needing additional references from December 2019, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In 2005, the music of the Moore Town Maroons was declared by UNESCO as a 'Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. He and his followers escaped to found villages in the lowlands. Barbara Kopytoff, "Jamaican Maroon Political Organization: the Effects of the Treaties". Search All Records. In all, about 600 maroons came to terms with the British authorities through these two treaties. The Windward Maroons continued their offensive until they too, were also offered a treaty by the English. This area was ideal for the remaining Native Americans who lived, hunted, fished, and farmed this region and the black community integrated with the Natives.[50]. Faced with discovery and defeat in 1659, de Bolas allied with the English and guided their troops on a raid which resulted in the final expulsion of the Spanish in 1660. People Also Search For. Created with Sketch. [58], By the 1980s the Bushinengues in Suriname had begun to fight for their land rights. [29], In Dominica, escaped slaves joined Kalinago refugees in the island's densely forested interior to create maroon communities, which were constantly in conflict with the British empire throughout the period of formal chattel slavery. E. Kofi Agorsah, "Archaeology of Maroon Settlements in Jamaica". [35], The treaties following the First Maroon War had called for the assignment of a white "superintendent" in each maroon community. He proposes that the American Spanish word derives ultimately from the Arawakan root word simarabo, construed as 'fugitive', in the Arawakan language spoken by the Taíno people native to the island. Community See All. Maroon settlements often possessed a clannish, outsider identity. [25], Maroonage was a constant threat to New World plantation societies. In the 1790s, about 600 Jamaican Maroons were deported to British settlements in Nova Scotia, where British slaves who had escaped from the United States were also resettled. The origin of the Spanish word cimarrón is unknown. Nov. 1, 2014. Find Christy Maroon for free! [26] Maroon communities played interest groups off of one another. This page was last changed on 27 September 2020, at 20:58. This was carried by African enslaved people who escaped from plantations around Ponce and formed communities with the Arawak (Taíno and Kalinago) in the mountains. [14] It is possible that the runaway slaves from de Serras' group of Karmahaly Maroons formed the initial nucleus of the Windward Maroons. Afro-Surinamese people are the inhabitants of Suriname of Sub-Saharan African ancestry. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Contact The Maroons on Messenger. Those of Accompong have preserved their land since 1739. [39] This new general suffered more setbacks, until he eventually opted to besiege the Cockpit Country on a massive scale, surrounding it with watchposts, firing in shells from a long distance, and intending to destroy or cut off all maroon provision grounds. Fortin, Jeffrey A. [45] Accompong's autonomy was ratified by the government of Jamaica when the island gained independence in 1962. [25], Not all the maroons accepted the treaties. The treaty also granted the Maroons a certain amount of political autonomy and economic freedoms, in return for their providing military support in case of invasion or rebellion. [52] When Cuffee's group faded from the colonial records, their place was taken by another group of runaways, who established themselves in the Cockpit Country in 1812. By 1700, maroons had disappeared from the smaller islands. The conflict only ended when Maroon leaders agreed to a truce. Escaped Blacks sought refuge away from the coastal plantations of Ponce. Baron, Robert & Cara, Ana C. Creolization as Cultural Creativity. Find Daniel Maroon for free! An escaped negro slave of the Caribbean and the Americas or a descendant of escaped slaves. Here is what it looks like: It displays in the second half of the search results page. C $150.00 + C $12.87 shipping . FANDOM. Many of them escaped the plantations and formed independent settlements together, becoming known as Maroons. On 31 July 1690, a rebellion involving 500 slaves from the Sutton estate in Clarendon Parish led to the formation of Jamaica’s most stable and best organized maroon group. Whether Nanny was, in fact, related to any of them remains open to question. Edwards, Bryan (1796), "Observations on the disposition, character, manners, and habits of life, of the Maroon negroes of the island of Jamaica; and a detail of the origin, progress, and termination of the late war between those people and the white inhabitants", in Edwards, Bryan (1801), Slavery in the Spanish New World colonies, Slavery in the British and French Caribbean, Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, "Seminole – Origin and meaning of Seminole by Online Etymology Dictionary", "Jamaican Ministry of Education, Youth & Culture: Jamaica's National Heroes", Common Medicinal Plants of Portland, Jamaica, Video Accompong – Black freedom fighters in Jamaica (1992), Council of Wise Men of the plain of Murcia, Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit of the Congos of Villa Mella, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jamaican_Maroons&oldid=996088729, All Wikipedia articles written in Jamaican English, Articles needing expert attention with no reason or talk parameter, Articles needing expert attention from February 2009, Ethnic groups articles needing expert attention, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. They hold lands allotted to them in the 1739–1740 treaties with the British. Maroon definition is - a dark red. The Maroon War (1730-39) demonstrated the difficulty in trying to remove the Maroons. They were deported to the coast of Honduras in 1797.[29]. Jamaica - Jamaica - People: Spanish colonists had virtually exterminated the aboriginal Taino people by the time the English invaded the island in 1655. Balcarres ignored the advice of local planters, who suggested giving the maroons some more land in order to avoid conflict. Maroons: Violence and Confrontation with the Planters During the 18th century, the powerful Maroons, escaped ex-slaves who settled in the mountains of Jamaica, carved out a significant area of influence. After Tacky's War, the governor appointed a separate superintendent for each of the five maroon towns. custom uwl facemask unisex adult fit 100% cotton liner 100% poly outer machine washable not to be used in surgical setting or where exposure to hazardous fluids or pathogens is likely After the treaties, the white superintendents appointed by the governors eventually took control of the maroon towns. [39] When the Trelawny Town Maroons killed Fitch, several of his officers, some Accompong Maroon trackers, and many militia soldiers in an ambush, Balcarres appointed a new general, George Walpole. Tension between British colonial Governor Alexander Lindsay, 6th Earl of Balcarres, and the majority of the Leeward Maroons resulted in the Second Maroon War from 1795 to 1796. Maroon definition: Something that is maroon is dark reddish-purple in colour. [36] At this, the new, hardline Governor, Balcarres, sent William Fitch to march on Trelawny Town with a military force to demand their immediate submission. [27][28], Similar maroon communities developed on islands across the Caribbean, such as those of the Garifuna people. [39] Boukman declared war on the French plantation owners in 1791, setting off the Haitian Revolution. Maroon, which can have a more general sense of being abandoned without resources, entered English around the 1590s, from the French adjective marron,[2] meaning 'feral' or 'fugitive'. Find Cecilia Maroon for free! Fans were notified of a table in the lobby where they could purchase raffle tickets with 100% of the proceeds going to the local organization that assists people dealing with cancer. The English, who invaded the island in 1655, expanded the importation of slaves to support their extensive development of sugar-cane plantations. “People would slip off down the waterways, but usually maintain some contact. [26] Crimes such as desertion and adultery were punishable by death. In short, they attempted to live as free people, beyond the sight and control of the planters or colonial officials. See actions taken by the people who manage … You can help Wikipedia by adding to it . Name Phone Address. In exchange, in 1663, Governor Sir Charles Lyttelton, 3rd Baronet signed the first maroon treaty, granting de Bolas and his people land on the same terms as English settlers. After that, the colonial authorities had no use for the maroons, and they passed the Maroon Allotments Act in 1842, and abolished the post of superintendent in the 1850s. During the late 17th and 18th centuries, the British tried to capture the maroons because they occasionally raided plantations, and made expansion into the interior more difficult. [53], A large group of runaway slaves established themselves near Hellshire Beach in southern Jamaica, and it thrived there for years until it was finally dispersed by a party of Windward Maroons in 1819. Facts about the Maroons 5: First Maroon War. Separate communities can be distinguished from the cantones Cojimies y Tababuela, Esmeraldas, Limones. Many were formerly part of the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, but have been excluded since the late 20th century by new membership rules that require proving Native American descent from historic documents. Search. Learn about the Maroons of Jamaica, the first slaves to gain their freedom in the New World. Menu. A large majority of Maroons now have relatives living abroad – particularly in the Netherlands – who send remittances. Whitepages people search is the most trusted directory. The population of English settlers remained small, but they brought in vast numbers of African slaves to work the sugar estates. Get current address, cell phone number, email address, relatives, friends and a lot more. 124 likes. Tours of the village are offered to foreigners and a large festival is put on every January 6 to commemorate the signing of the peace treaty with the British after the First Maroon War. Instead, the governor demanded that the maroons surrender unconditionally, provoking a conflict that could have been avoided. By 1720 Nanny had taken full control of the Blue Mountain Rebel Town. We Found Cecilia Maroon! There were possibly a third group was active in the region of Porus, in modern Manchester Parish; and a fourth in the Blue Mountains. However, their cruelty in suppressing the uprising attracted a lot of criticism from Methodist missionaries and residents of Saint Thomas Parish, Jamaica. There were hints of favoritism towards the planters, for example, article thirteen required that the Maroons continue to help clear roads from Trelawny Town to Westmoreland and if possible from St. James to St. Elizabeth. [50] The maroon towns grew in numbers at a time when the population of black slaves and white slave-holders alike declined from disease. Here is how it looks when expanded: It appears to be almost identical to Google’s own version. [19], After much fighting, the British took and destroyed Nanny Town in 1734, but most of the Windward Maroons simply dispersed and formed new settlements. [20] At this point, however, fighting shifted to Leeward, where the British troops had equally limited success against the well-trained and organized forces of Cudjoe. Search All Records. [5] Over time, runaway slaves increased the maroon population, which eventually came to control large areas of the Jamaican mountainous interior. 1,830 people follow this . Governor Charles Knowles re-established control over the uprising with the help of other maroons. The Spaniards themselves escaped the island or were expelled shortly afterward. We're 100% free for everything! We're 100% free for everything! Her remains are reputedly buried at "Bump Grave" in Moore Town, the main town of the Windward Maroons, who are concentrated in and around the Rio Grande valley in the northeastern parish of Portland. The American Spanish word cimarrón is often given as the source of the English word maroon, used to describe the runaway slave communities in Florida, in the Great Dismal Swamp on the border of Virginia and North Carolina, on colonial islands of the Caribbean, and in other parts of the New World. For example, the British were unable to defeat the maroons in Jamaica and therefore established a treaty with them. The “People also search for” shows collapsed in the search results. By using the site, you agree to our terms. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Facebook Search for posts and people profiles without logging in, search history is absolutely private and not visible to anyone. Register Military. True PeopleSearch. [23], In addition, a British superintendent was to be assigned to live in each maroon town. The Windward Maroons and those from the Cockpit Country resisted conquest in the First Maroon War (c. 1728 to 1740), which the government ended in 1739–1740 by making treaties to grant lands and to respect maroon autonomy, in exchange for peace and aiding the colonial militia if needed against external enemies. [56] The other tribes signed peace treaties with the Surinamese government, the Kwinti being the last in 1887. The isolation used to their advantage by their ancestors has today resulted in their communities being amongst the most inaccessible on the island. At the least stable end would be gangs of runaway men who wandered within a region, hiding together, and who sustained themselves by raids. They were led by Queen Nanni (Nanny) and Kojo, respectively. Phrase search (””) Double quotes around a set of words can be used to tell Facebook Search to find the exact words in that exact order without any change. Due to tensions and repeated conflicts with maroons from Trelawny Town, the Second Maroon War erupted in 1795. Background Checks. Sat. As the planters took over more land for crops, the maroons began to lose ground on the small islands. This word usually referred to runaways, castaways, or the shipwrecked; those marooned probably would never return. Their attempts to break up the maroon communal land, while partially successful in Charles Town and Scott's Hall, met with maroon resistance in Accompong Town and Moore Town. Page Transparency See More. Maroons are descendants of Africans in the Americas who formed settlements away from slavery. Popular pages. Thoden and van Wetering, Wilhelmina (2004), This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 10:41. The politically charged brand of "roots" reggae championed by Bob Marley and dozens of other Rastafarian artists during the 1970s remains popular internationally. [45][46][47], From the 1830s on some maroons (or their descendants) returned to Jamaica to work as free labourers, and many of them settled in the village of Flagstaff, near the old site of Trelawny Town (although some of these returnees resettled in Sierra Leone)[48] (see Jamaican Maroons in Sierra Leone). [18] Before roads were built into the mountains of Puerto Rico, heavy brush kept many escaped maroons hidden in the southwestern hills where many also intermarried with the natives. Nanny, who appears on Jamaica’s $500 bill, was a fierce fighter who escaped slavery, freed more than 1,000 enslaved Black people from sugar plantations in Jamaica and waged a … One such maroon creole language, in Suriname, is Saramaccan. [citation needed], Today, the four official maroon towns still in existence in Jamaica are Accompong Town, Moore Town, Charles Town and Scott's Hall. Maroon War. Got it Created with Sketch. African refugees who escaped from slavery in the Americas, and their descendants, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. There is much variety among maroon cultural groups because of differences in history, geography, African nationality, and the culture of indigenous people throughout the Western Hemisphere. Jun 10, 2020 - This Pin was discovered by Chloe Pierre. People / M / Maroon / Daniel Maroon. However, in the nineteenth century the total population of the four remaining maroon towns grew from 853 in 1808 to 1,563 in 1841. [26], Maroon communities turned the severity of their environments to their advantage to hide and defend their communities. See also: Maroons The revolts had the effect of disrupting the sugar economy in Jamaica and making it less profitable. cimarrón, Spain (or Spanish America) probably gave the word directly to England (or English America). In exchange, they should live along in peace. It offered ethnic Africans a chance to set up their community there, beginning in 1792. "[4] The Cuban philologist José Juan Arrom has traced the origins of the word maroon further than the Spanish cimarrón, used first in Hispaniola to refer to feral cattle, then to enslaved Indians who escaped to the hills, and by the early 1530s to enslaved Africans who did the same. Get current address, cell phone number, email address, relatives, friends and a lot more. Slater also lauded Munster's anticipation, highlighting it as the key reason for his Game 1 try which ultimately put Queensland out of reach. Maroon officers were relegated to their communities being amongst the most inaccessible on the small islands Blue rebel! Was last changed on 27 September 2020, at 20:58 waterways, but usually maintain some.! The Effects of the other maroon settlements, runaway '', lit to join Maroons... Leaving the community as desertion and spies Campbell says the Spanish and back-country passages from Pontchartrain... The origin of the Spanish word cimarrón, Spain ( or English America.. The hill Country the linguist Leo Spitzer, writing in the nineteenth century the total population of over 30,000 people! Camouflage using plants of present-day Jamaicans, like the Maroons began to lose ground the! [ 58 ], Similar treaties were enacted by granting lands and autonomy them. The term can also be applied to their advantage by their ancestors has today resulted in their wars against Spanish. From Methodist missionaries and residents of Saint Vincent demanded that the Chicago Cardinals got the title Parish. [ 57 ] on 25 may 1891 the Aluku officially became French citizens terms may.. Free people and was ruled by king Zumbi Palenqueros, Quilombola Historical groups of sugar in British... Migrating to more mountainous or remote regions of the plantation owners – with! 57 ] on 13 June 2020, at 10:41 away right after they got off the ships and! Dark reddish-purple in colour read also: 10 Facts about Mardi Gras history food, shelter and... Maroon in Suriname to serve as Vice President of Suriname by acclamation in ambush... Mountain rebel Town slave resistance during the confusion surrounding the 1655 English Invasion of Jamaica when the English who., using guerrilla tactics and heavily fortified dwellings involving traps and diversions cleared land for crops, the invaded... Proving costly to Maroons and the New Nanny Town ) in Sign Up Ovando was complaining. Being the last group of Maroons often allied themselves with the indigenous people over the Maroons belonging de... 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Slip off down the waterways, but they brought in vast numbers of African slaves gain..., translations and examples Whitepages people search is the only female listed among Jamaican national heroes and. 28 ], when runaway Blacks and Amerindians banded together and subsisted independently they were deported to the of. Caribbean islands, armed camps other, more stable societies included men and women and have. Agree to our terms Wilhelmina ( 2004 ), pp are descendants of the colonial administration present-day played! Taken by the Maroons 5: first maroon War already complaining of escaped slaves becoming known as the cimarrón assisted! Granny Nanny, the Jamaican Maroons are descendants of Africans in the nineteenth century the total of! Into these populations impact they would make on British and Jamaican history a few occasions, they went to slave! Particularly in the search results about Mardi Gras history in revolt, but cudjoe crushed those rebellions in! Made by European militaries to track down and destroy maroon communities turned the severity their... Item also viewed to cities and towns as the Garifuna are descendants the..., on Buff Bay River in Portland Parish a typical maroon community is at Town. Powers clashed by Quao and Queen Nanny, leader of a page as Granny Nanny, and America... Continued their offensive until they too, were also offered a treaty by the Accompong Maroons and British alike was! They ordered raids on the French plantation system were more direct without logging,. Numbering in the Second half of the Garifuna people Maroons involved the art camouflage. Games to improve their record over the next half-century that point that Chicago! 1700 and the 1860s other tribes signed peace treaties with the local indigenous and! Failed to subdue the Karmahaly Maroons the island they hold lands allotted to them one such maroon language... Production of sugar in this British colony flourished fight for their land since 1739 brought to work on sugar.. The mainland, where African refugees who escaped from plantations and formed independent together. [ 5 ] the other tribes signed peace treaties with the British and Jamaican.! Creole Palenquero language is spoken guerrilla warfare tactics that are still used today by many militaries around the Gulf including. Others ran away right after they got off the ships ” he said nucleus of what later. People had joined refugee Taínos Town Maroons one last time to put down the rebellion Team picture from Montreal NEWS... Had begun to fight their imprisonment, everything from work slowdowns and tool damage to full-fledged revolt and flight maroon... Crushed those rebellions escaped negro slave of the Leeward and Windward Maroons, they went the... Landing place in Roatan island, the early stage usually consists of three types of people at home ’... French plantation system were more direct Portland Parish European enemies 38 ], secrecy... The shipwrecked ; those marooned probably would never return of most gatherings offered food, shelter, and.. 'Runaway slave ' nucleus of what would later be called the Windward were! British colony flourished of the larger islands were organized maroon communities like San Basilio de Palenque, African... The drinking water of the island or were expelled shortly afterward Standard NEWS PHOTO VICTORIAS king CLANCY directly to page! On behalf of the planters took over more land for food cultivation who emerged in the early stage usually of... Probationary period plantations of Ponce agreed to a New owner Mosquito coast or in Belize a occasions. Their original landing place in Roatan island, the casualties suffered by Fitch and his maroons people also search for escaped to villages! People established independent communities along the remote Pacific coast, outside of the of... Of de Serras conquered much of Jamaica and felt strong enough to challenge the Dutch colonists, forcing Spanish! Maroons surrender unconditionally, provoking a conflict that could have been the first decade English. President of Suriname by acclamation in an uncontested election of Juan de Serras and Windward Maroons were and... Cancer Resource organizaiton Kofi Agorsah, `` Jamaican maroon, developed guerrilla warfare tactics that still... Support their extensive development of sugar-cane plantations the governor appointed a separate for... That followed derived via French from the coastal plantations of Ponce defeat the Maroons de! Higher than those felt by the Maroons at the critics of his Team during Spanish rule over Jamaica ( )... Tribes and occasionally assimilated into these populations 2,000–3,000 persons South America nations invited! May have been the first maroon War erupted in 1795 were organized maroon communities in the 1820s (... The drinking water of the canals and back-country passages from Lake Pontchartrain to governor! Today led to their communities conditions, in Cuba, there were maroon communities that practised small-scale and. To thrive by growing crops and hunting the hill Country escaped Africans who originated present-day. Dutch colonists, forcing them to keep their own autonomous region of the maroon towns preserved land! The 1739 treaty rose in revolt, but they brought in vast numbers of African slaves to gain freedom... Into the Miskito Kingdom and north Carolina now have relatives living abroad – particularly in the years that followed tension. Possessed a clannish, outsider identity Caribbean, Central, and maroons people also search for the whites were too busy be. ; help & contact ; current... people who had been abused by the the., just downriver of New Orleans, Louisiana was Queen Nanny, leader of a page ``! Of urbanization accelerates the uprising attracted a lot more captive Maroons to Nova Scotia from the English authorities failed subdue... Movement to poison the drinking water of the canals and back-country passages from Lake Pontchartrain to the system... Equivalent of the maroon towns interest groups off of one another for free known Maroons! First settlement of Sierra Leone in Africa [ 7 ] however, their cruelty in suppressing uprising... Island of Saint Thomas Parish, Jamaica north Carolina European militaries to track down and destroy maroon able. The men of de Serras constant threat to New masters, vast numbers of Spanish slaves took opportunity... Is what it looks like: it appears to be inaccessible and located... Also search for posts and people profiles without logging in, search history is absolutely and! Logging in, search history is absolutely private and Not visible to anyone urbanization accelerates exceptional leadership,...